Welcome to Pre-primary section. We, at Carmel Academy, follow Montessori and Kindergarten systems as two streams of teaching-learning methodologies at the pre-primary level.


Age Criteria:

M1: 3 years (Completed)
M2: 4 years (Completed)
M3: 5 years (Completed)

What is Montessori Method of Education?

Montessori is a preschool education method developed by an Italian physician and educator, Dr. Maria Montessori. It is a child centric education method based on the self-directed activities. The method is based on three main principles

Freedom through independence and
Preparation of the environment

It is an advanced ‘Teaching-learning method’.

Salient features of Montessori Method:

1. Learning during sensitive period -

Dr. Maria Montessori believed that children acquire specific skills more easily during the sensitive period (Example - sensitive period of writing, reading, etc.). Teachers should observe and detect this period of sensitivity and offer the activities accordingly.

2. A prepared environment -

This is a place where children are specially prepared to work with materials all by themselves. It is here that the children can choose their own materials and work with them until they gain mastery over it.

3. Auto education (self-education) -

Children who are actively involved in a prepared environment and can choose their own materials to work with are literally educating themselves.

4. The adult (teacher) role -

Make sure that children are at the centre of learning
Observe the children
Encourage them to choose their own activity
Prepare the learning environment
Respect each child
Introduce learning materials
Provide individual attention

The curriculum

1. Exercises of practical life activities:

We offer activities such as, spooning, pouring, etc. under this category. In the Montessori house of children, these activities are offered as child developmental activities. They are simple, clear and have a concrete purpose so that a child can understand them easily and perform the activities in a short span of time.

The child consolidates and develops coordination of the movements by performing these activities thus laying the foundation for the integration of the personality.

2. Sensorial activities:

Montessori sensorial materials are materials used in the Montessori classroom to help a child develop and refine his /her five senses. Sensorial activities are offered with the aim of total development of the child. The Purpose of the sensorial education is to enable the child to acquire clear and conscious information, and be able to classify things in his environment.
Activities like: cylinder blocks, Pink tower, etc. are offered in this category.

3. Language:

Language refers to a way of communication such as speaking, reading and writing. In the Montessori environment, a child consolidates his/her already constructed language and acquires new skills of reading and writing.

To enhance their language skills, Montessori class offers multiple activities like Oral phonetic analysis, Picture series, Sand paper letter, Association of sounds with symbols, formation of simple words using movable alphabet, reading, etc.

4. Arithmetic:

Exercises of practical life and Sensorial activities give indirect preparation for the arithmetic activities. Arithmetic materials give further opportunity to learn Mathematical operations. Arithmetic materials are concrete materials. By using these concrete materials, children learn abstract mathematical concepts. It will help them in sequential understanding of the mathematical concepts.

Basic principles.

Montessori system of education focuses on two basic principles. Firstly, children and developing adults engage in psychological self-construction through interaction with their environments. Secondly, children, especially under the age of six, have an innate path of psychological development.

Mixed age classrooms – classrooms for children aged from  2 1⁄2 or 3 to 5 years
Student’s choice and age appropriate activity from within a prescribed range of options
Uninterrupted slots of work time, ideally three hours with a due respect given to the pace of the child’s learning capability
A constructivism or discovery model where students learn concepts from working with materials rather than direct instructions given by the teachers
Specialized time-tested educational materials specially meant for Montessori levels
The learning area includes a thoughtfully prepared environment where materials are organized by subject area within the reach of the child, and are appropriate in size
Freedom of movement within the classroom with no external pressure to complete the assigned work/concept

All these are managed by trained Montessori teachers who follow the children and are highly experienced in observing the individual child's characteristics, tendencies, innate talents and abilities.